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Country Climate Pledges, or INDCs

Countries across the globe are committed to creating a new international climate agreement by the conclusion of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015. In preparation, these 196 countries have agreed to publicly outline what post-2020 climate actions they intend to take under a new international agreement. These climate actions are known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).  

The creation of INDCs pairs national policy-setting—in which countries determine their contributions in the context of their national priorities, circumstances and capabilities—with a global framework that drives collective action toward a low-carbon, climate-resilient future. INDCs are the primary means for governments to communicate internationally the steps they will take to address climate change in their own countries. They reflect each country’s ambition for reducing emissions, taking into account a nation’s domestic circumstances and capabilities. Some countries may also address how they will adapt to climate change impacts, and what support they need from—or will provide to—other countries to adopt low-carbon pathways and build climate resilience.

To date, 148 countries have submitted their INDCs. You can access all submitted INDCs here. The U.S. submitted its INDC in March, 2015. Info about our INDC is here.

More on the history, structure and purpose of INDCs here.

List of emissions reduction targets contained in submitted INDCs for COP21 in Paris here.

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